People in primary industry find ways to cope to Climate change


Climate change is having a more profound effect on our lives. From the environment to economic activities and even dinner tables. For our News Feature tonight, Lee Ji-won covers that aspect as well as turn the spotlight to people in the primary industries who push to either adjust to the change or maintain what's left. Extreme weather events have been striking all parts of the globe… and scientists are making stronger links between climate change, global warming and extreme weather. But, its impacts don't end there. Climate change has important implications for nearly every aspect of life on Earth. "Climate change coming from global warming is expected to have a serious impact on the biodiversity of the ecosystem. Extreme weather conditions such as flood and draught are also increasing.

" Korea's Rural Development Administration predicts… rising temperatures will contribute to a roughly 14-percent drop in rice production by 2040, and about 40-percent by 2090. Korean farmers and rural organizations have been adjusting to the changes through research on different kinds of grains and inventing new methods of transplantation and fertilization. "The climate in the southern region is changing to that of the sub-tropics. Different types of rice that can be harvested within nine to ten days were recently developed as well." Many farmers in the country are choosing different crops to plant – not only those more fit for warmer weather, but also modified breeds that allow better productivity. Ahn Chang-oh runs a peach farm in Korea's Gyeonggi-do province. In response to the major shift in monsoon pattern… the veteran farmer manipulated his breed of peach – one that can be harvested a month earlier than the regular harvest season of July and August. The outcome was more than what he had anticipated.

"We don't have to wrap the fruit because it still preserves the colors without it, and there are fewer pests. We save on labor costs and, most importantly, the sweetness increases by two-percent." The average temperature of the seawater around the Korean Peninsula has been rising in the last few decades… increasing 1-point-2 degrees Celsius in the span of 46 years. A change of a single degree in seawater corresponds to a difference of ten degrees on Earth. Harvesting seaweed usually takes place in the winter… but warmer seawater has created an unfavorable environment. Between 1997 and 2004, roughly 24-hundred hectares of seaweed culture area disappeared. The same is seen in the case of Pollock, fish that was once widely available in Korea and enjoyed by Koreans. In the last three decades, Korean fishermen saw their pollock harvest plunge from 70-thousand tons to three tons. Marine institutes and government organizations have been making various efforts such as releasing fish seeds and imposing restrictions on catch to bring back the pollock population.

But some experts say there is only so much humans can do to minimize the impact of climate change. "Climate change is something that is happening on a global scale… and the variables humans can control to minimize the effect of it on the sea are so small. We can only study how marine organisms respond to such changes." Climate change is a global problem that concerns every nation, region, and individual… and its impacts becoming more profound and pronounced in our daily lives, industries… on our dinner tables. Lee Ji-won, Arirang News..