The Ice Age

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The Ice Age Scientists' predictions for global warming turned out to be ungrounded. Nobody recalls such a cold January in Central Russia. Almost -44 degrees in Kostroma, -42 in Perm Krai. The temperature in the Moscow region dropped down to -36. Meteorologists claim that the last time Moscow saw a temperature of -35 degrees was 120 years ago. The severe cold gripped the whole of Russia. In Yamal, freezing temperatures of -50 degrees cause the cables to tear. Boiling water instantly turns into snow. Frosty fog covered several Siberian cities. Due to the severe cold, steam turns into small ice crystals. There is no visibility on the roads. "Minus 52 degrees, the car is running on fumes. It's barely even moving. I could hardly start it." The residents of Surgut are moving about by touch, but even in the frosty mist one can notice the cracks in the pavement. The traces of the intense frost are noticeable in all parts of the city. "The pavement cracked from the cold. I can't believe it.

" Meteorologists believe that the cold came from the Arctic. Experts clarify, that an anticyclone covered the north of the European part of Russia as well as Siberia, and Atlantic cyclones collided over the southern region. A northeastern blast occurred along the boundary line of this whirlwind bringing the cold from the Kara Sea to the Russian plains. The cat is freezing. Its paws are stuck. 35 below zero frost is ruthless to anything alive. Even a warm coat with an undercoat didn't save this cat from freezing. "We got one out. No, no, wait. You'll rip the other three off." "Bring some more hot water." "We're going to unfreeze the cat." The cat got under the car in the night to warm itself, but its paws got stuck to the freezing ground. "That's it. Here, take it home." This cat has nine lives, and, luckily, it was rescued. A human being would have died in such cold in one hour.

When freezing, people don't even notice their blue lips and at first feel very energetic, alert, and in a good mood, but then comes weakness, shortness of breath, and they collapse. A "snowdrop," as it's called by police. A dead body found in a snowbank. Two teenagers found such a "snowdrop" walking in the forest along the lake. "A dead body. Hey, man?" – Hey, man. – I'll get you out of there. Wait. The boys don't take the guy seriously, thinking he probably simply fell down. His family is probably looking for him. It's not clear how long he has been lying in the snowbank, and why he went fishing in this weather alone. OK, man… Orange, the next-to-highest level of a state of emergency. The Ministry of Emergency Situations advises not to go outside, except if absolutely necessary. From home to work as quickly as possible, having put on every warm article of clothing in your wardrobe – wool socks, mittens, and a thick scarf, so the nose won't freeze.

The only part you should have exposed, is your eyes. Although 99% of them consist of water, they never freeze due to the salty fluid that keeps them moist. Dmitri Korinniy, an internationally recognized rescuer from "Centrospas" "In such weather, beauty and looking good is not a priority, to say the least, put it in second or third place, priority wise. Clothing should be multilayered and loose." Even being dressed like an onion won't always keep you from freezing. The cold only needs time to get to your nose, ears, fingers and toes. "All of them were affected by dry gangrene. I can show you what dry gangrene is. Here is my finger, which fell off. I keep it as a memento. Mumijo…" During the first and second stages of freezing one feels tingling and numbness, in the third stage black blisters cover the skin, in the fourth stage the joints and bones are affected, which leads to amputation.

Ljudmila Lapa, General Practitioner "The worst outcome is when we have to remove areas of dead tissue. These could be toes, fingers, or the skin of the cheeks." The myth, that alcohol warms you up, is believed to be true by many. But actually, alcohol only numbs your sensitivity, especially to the cold. "The body processes alcohol quite quickly. And because of the fact that it's quick, within 10-15 minutes, the consequences are a malfunctioning metabolism. And the body starts to cool quickly after the inner warmth passes. As I said, the body starts to cool down very quickly." It's not the vodka, but the food, that warms the body from within. And the inhabitants of the Far North, where the temperature rarely rises above zero, know that very well. Raw meat, hot blood and especially the fat of a recently slaughtered animal help to get warm. Vegetarians won't survive neither here, nor in Verkhoyansk, where a record low temperature of 60 degrees below zero was recorded. And -45 degrees is common here.

Life goes on as usual in Verkhoyansk, just like in all of Yakutia. The local population is adapted to the cold. Snow baths in -50 improve blood circulation. And in Moscow, a "danger level orange" warning and a fierce frost of 27 degrees below zero didn't stop the traditional winter bicycle parade. Some thought the participants were crazy, others were proud of our victory over the cold weather. However, as they say, that which is good for a Russian might kill a German. The winter of 1941-1942, the Battle of Moscow. The Russian frost turned out to be a more dreadful enemy for fascist Germany than the Soviet troops. German soldiers literally turned blue in the cold and lost consciousness, and this fact aroused ridicule among the residents of local villages.

"It was 50 below zero," survivors on the German side of the battle later recalled. But it only seemed like it to them. Actually, the temperature didn't even reach -30. The first meteorological records in Russia were based on people's personal accounts. In the 17th century, weather descriptions were written down by clerks from words spoken by guardsmen called "strelzi," whose duties included not only ensuring security, but also doing weather surveillance. The first meteorological station in the country was founded in 1724 in Saint Petersburg. Nowadays, the oldest observatory in the world is based there, the Pulkovskaya. Scientists have been observing the sun for decades here and they adhere to the concept of global cooling, as every year the star is fading. Vadimir Obridko, Director of the Department of the Physics of Solar-Terrestrial Relations, RAN "Today, we are witnessing a decrease in solar activity." Planet Earth has already seen global cooling 100 thousand years ago.

Following the last ice age, which ended about 10 thousand years ago, even the mammoths vanished from the face of the Earth. Will there be another ice age? It's hard to say. But a temperature change of even a few degrees can drastically change the situation on the entire planet. Quite simply, change is already in the air. Residents in one of the hottest countries on Earth, Saudi Arabia, decided that the skies have opened up when they saw snow cover all the palm trees. The one thing that saves us is fire. In order for the children and us to be warm, we light a fire and keep warm around it. This is India, every winter, people die here because they freeze to death. Scientists at the observatory don't rule out the sudden appearance of so called explosive winters, which include seasons filled with sudden, unexpected cold fronts.

Will mankind flee to the caves to seek shelter? The researchers' claims have not struck a chord. The theory of global cooling, just like the theory of global warming, remains a hypothesis. No one knows what kind of surprises mother nature has in store for us. The Ice Age.

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