Humans are the dominant life form on Earth – capable of such great changes to earth that the Anthopocene age has been named after them – Our technological marvels and constant innovation have created an advanced civilisation that spans the globe and travels in space. weve been told humans became this wondrous people from a loose bands of hunter gathers, scattered around the globe some 10000 yrs ago – before that time humans were cavemen – an illiterate people with no technology, unable to navigate the seas or cultivate crops – living a simple existence – with basic tools – they build no lasting monuments or structures of any kind..anywhere. Furthermore the current epoch of history represents humanities one and only rise to advanced civilisation and global influence – or so we have been told – but this is not the case. – human history on earth is being rewritten by astounding new discoveries. Discoveries that change our knowledge and understanding of human civilisation, migration and evolution on this planet.
Its a story that some have guessed at in the past and many have speculated about. Now thanks to the latest discoveries in the field of archeology and genetics more of our past has been revealed than ever before – this then is the new history of humanity…. Tool use and meat eating 3.4 MA these bones were found in Ethiopia by Shannon McPherron of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology – the Marks on these fossilised animal bones indicate that early-human butchers were using stone tools as early as 3.4 million years ago. The finds suggest that the evolution of tool use and meat-eating among our human ancestors is more complex than existing theories admit. They also add to a growing body of evidence that A. Afarensis may have been more human-like and less primitive than some have assumed. mcpherron and his colleagues claim – the find is evidence that The first known human tool wielder and meat lover was Australopithecus Afarensis, the only known hominid species present in the region at the time.
"Our ancestors were carving meat some 800,000 years earlier than previously thought. this discovery pushes back in time, two of the fundamental behaviours that played such an important role in human evolution – meat consumption and tool use,. the idea that the origins of stone tool use, meat consumption and the origins of our genus Homo all occurred together, around 2.5 million years ago." is no longer accurate – Instead, hominids experimented with stone tools to help them eat meat and marrow much earlier. 1 million years earlier tool making – 2.9 MA Up until now, the earliest clear evidence of making stone tools came from a 2.6-million-year-old site in Ethiopia. An early human ancestor called Homo habilis likely made them. Similar “Oldowan style” tools, known for choppers with one refined edge, have been discovered at several other sites in East and Southern Africa. But a new collection of stone tools discovered in Kenya belong to a second, more advanced generation of toolmaking.
Known as Acheulian tools after a prominent archaeological site in France, they are larger, heavier and have sharp cutting edges that are chipped from opposite sides into the familiar teardrop shape. "The Acheulian tools represent a great technological leap," says Dennis Kent, a geologist from Rutgers University in New Jersey . The Discovery of their earlier manufacture suggests early humans were wielding sophisticated stone tools at least 300,000 years earlier than thought – 1.9 MA – evolutionary evidence in human fossils shows that tool use and tool making coupled with meat eating increased the size of the human brain and facilitated the appearance of specialized gripping muscles for our thumbs and larger brains . The brains of early hominids were about the same size as that of a chimpanzee. however During the next million years or more a process of encephalization began, by the time of the arrival of Homo Erectus in the fossil record, cranial capacity had doubled to 850cc – Randall Susman, University of Chicago posits that – the modern anatomy of the human thumb is an evolutionary response to the requirements associated with making and handling tools — He compared bones and muscles of human and chimpanzee thumbs, finding that humans have 3 muscles which are lacking in chimpanzees.
Humans also have thicker metacarpals with broader heads, allowing more precise grasping than the chimpanzee hand can perform. Hunting 2 MA Until recently the oldest, unchallenged evidence of human hunting came from a 400,000-year-old site in Germany – the evidence came from marks left by spears on horse bones – horses were clearly being speared and their flesh eaten. but new Evidence from ancient butchery site in Tanzania – -shows early man used complex hunting techniques to ambush and kill antelopes, gazelles, wildebeest and other large animals at least two million years ago.- The discovery – by anthropologist Professor Henry Bunn of Wisconsin University – pushes back the definitive date for the beginning of systematic human hunting – by hundreds of thousands of years. Two million years ago, our human ancestors were small-brained apemen previously many scientists assumed the meat they butchered and ate had been gathered from animals that had died from natural causes – or had been left behind by lions, leopards and other carnivores – "We know that humans ate meat two million years ago," said Bunn, – What was not clear was the source of that meat.
However, we have compared the type of prey killed by lions and leopards today with the type of prey selected by humans in those days. This has shown that men and women could not have been taking kill from other animals – or eating those that had died of natural causes. They were selecting and killing what they wanted." Once our species got a taste for meat, it was provided with a dense, protein-rich source of energy. We no longer needed to invest internal resources on huge digestive tracts – previously required to process vegetation and fruit. This new, energy-rich resource was then diverted inside our bodies and used to fuel our growing brains. over the next two million years our crania grew, producing species of humans with increasingly large brains Cooking & Fire 1.5 MA The ability to use fire is regarded as a key step in human development because it gave us access to cooked foods and new technologies. Evidence to determine exactly when humans acquired fire has been difficult to verify – claims that the skill existed very early in human development have been challenged, by sceptics arguing the fire remains from open sites, could have been the result of natural blazes ignited by lightning.
– In 2012 Scientists announced the finding of new evidence that our ancestors were using fire as early as a million years ago. It takes the form of ash and bone fragments recovered from Wonderwerk Cave in South Africa. scientists say the sediments in this cave show frequent, controlled fires were lit on the site. their research describes burnt remains of grasses, brushes, leaves and even bones some 30m back from the entrance. The depth of the sediments suggests fires were lit on the same spot over and over again. This makes it far less likely that what they are viewing is material from wildfires that was simply blown into the cave by wind. If correct, the Wonderwerk discovery would push the earliest indisputable controlled use of fire back – by about 300,000 years – earlier evidence from .East African sites, such as Chesowanja near Lake Baringo, show possible evidence that fire was utilised by early humans. archaeologists found red clay sherds dated to be 1.
42 Mya. Reheating on these sherds show that the clay must have been heated to 400 °C (752 °F) to harden – this evidence of sustained heating makes it likely humans were using fire at least 1.5 MA. Brain size It is already accepted that the addition of meat in our ancestors' diet caused their brain size to increase and intelligence to grow. the more concentrated form of energy – not only meant bigger brains for our ancestors, but also reduced foraging time needed to maintain energy levels. As a consequence, more time was available for social structure to develop. – Harvard Professor Richard Wrangham claims it is not just a change in our diet, but the way in which we prepared meat that has caused the radical evolution of our species." cooking is arguably the biggest increase in the quality of the diet in the whole of the history of life," "Our ancestors most probably dropped food in fire accidentally.
They would have found it was delicious and that set us off on a whole new direction." The eating of meat ties in with an evolutionary shift resulting in a more human-looking ancestor with sharper teeth and a 30% bigger brain, called Homo Habilis. – The most momentous shift however, happened 1.8 million years ago when Homo Erectus – our first "truly human" ancestor arrived on the scene. – Homo Erectus had an even bigger brain, smaller jaws and teeth.. Shorter arms and longer legs appeared, gone was the large vegetable-processing gut, meaning that Erectus could not only walk upright, but could also run. He was cleverer and faster, and – according to Professor Wrangham – he had learned how to cook."Cooking made our guts smaller,""guts are costly in terms of energy.
Individuals that were born with small guts were able to save energy, have more babies and survive better." he says. "Once we cooked our food, we didn't need big guts. here we are then 1 MA – humans are making sophisticated tools, controlling fire – hunting animals, cooking food – their brain size has increased to almost modern proportions – these people are known as Homo Erectus they are the first of the hominid to leave Africa, spreading through Africa, Asia, and Europe between 1.3 to 1.8 million years ago. – you would think such a well equipped predator and social organiser would prosper and their population would expand but for some reason the population of humans on earth 1 mya was reduced by some unknown event to around 20,000 breeding individuals – making them an endangered population on the brink of extinction – Planet Earth is a dangerous place – life faces many challenges to survive , ice ages, climate change, major impacts from space, volcanism fire flood pole shifts – – so far in our 4 million year journey humans has beaten the odds – but its been close – 1 million years ago the gene pool of humanity was reduced to around 20,000 individuals – for about a million years, our species was more endangered than the gorillas and chimpanzees are today.
For all that time, the global human population did not exceed 26,000 individuals, and dropped to as low as 18,500 hominids. geneticist Lynn B. Jorde and colleagues at the University of Utah claim our earlier ancestors, had more genetically-diversity than we do today. and that a catastrophic event took place at a global scale some 1 million years ago, – that event generated the genetic bottleneck, and endangered our species- This period fragile clinging to life came to an end about 70,000 years ago.with another near extinction and genetic bottleneck caused by the toba eruption in Indonesia – . after this time, our ancestors reemerged from Africa, into Europe, the middle East Asia and america – humans it seems have been repeatedly on the verge of going extinct. new discoveries reveal that many of the major natural cataclysm played a part in the continued evolution and history of humanity.
. ice age glaciation The cause of glaciation is related to several simultaneously occurring factors, such as astronomical cycles, atmospheric composition, plate tectonics, and ocean currents. for the last 2.5 million yrs earths has been in the quaternary ice age The climate has experienced periodic glaciations with continental glaciers moving as far from the poles as 40 degrees latitude. there have been at least 12 periods of glaciation and interglacial warming in the last 1 million yrs each lasting between 40 and a 100 k years. – ice ages by their nature affect the climate – changing weather patterns lead to floods droughts famines – coastline variations – some open or close land bridges , continents sink and rise – emerging migratory human populations inhabited and then abandoned areas of the earth as ice sheets expanded or collapsed – Pole shifts geomagnetic excursions- between 1.2 million and 800,000 yrs ago the earths poles flipped 4 times with an average period of 125,000 yrs between each – the effects of pole shifts on earth are contentious – some claim the effects are catastrophic, featuring earth crust displacement , earthquakes widespread vulcanism ,increased cosmic radiation and climate change.
whatever the truth of these theories – new research in many fields shows that ife has a complex and interdependent relationship with earths electro magnetic energy field – humans and indeed all life on earth is inextricably woven into the earths electromagnetic activity – loss or diminution of the magnetosphere increases radiation possibly leading to mutation birth defects and sickness – pole reversal would alter migratory routes of birds fish and even mammals – regardless of the scale of the impact on humans its affect would be tangible and long lasting – with each pole shift taking between 1 10 kyrs to complete and being accompanied by major excursions of the poles before and after volcanism and tectonic disruption the role of earthquakes and volcanoes as isolated events unconnected to glaciation or pole shift is well documented – large basalt culderras a e known to open up periodically on earth releasing vast amounts of greenhouse gases dimming the suns rays and creating cooler climates locally or globally – The Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) devised by Chris Newhall of the US Geological Survey and Stephen Self at the University of Hawaii in 1982 provide a relative measure of the explosiveness of volcanic eruptions.
Volume of products, eruption cloud height, and qualitative observations are used to determine the explosivity value. The scale is open-ended with the largest volcanoes in history given magnitude 8. in the last 1.2 million yrs ther have been over 30 eruption of 7 or 8 magnitude all over earth – every one of these is greater than the eruption f Krakatoa – magnitude 6 eruptions like Krakatoa have occured over 70 times. Impact events this is Lake Bosumtwi About 30 km south-east of Kumasi, Ghana, in the crystalline bedrock of the West African Shield, lies the country’s only natural lake. The impact of a meteorite some 1.3 million years ago, opened up hole in the ground with a 6 mile (10.5 km) diameter. its effect on life in Africa must have been devastating – new craters are being discovered regularly as imaging technology evolves – however due to earths surface being largely water most impacts sites will never be know – There is evidence of a major impact in South East Asia only 800,000 years ago (Paine 2001).
Glass & Pizzuto (1994) estimated the diameter of the impact crater to be between 32 and 114 kilometres. This impact must have had severe regional consequences (Langbroek & Roebroeks 2000), and may have been a very close call for the survival of mankind. Over the past million years, at least 5 impacts, sufficient to cause moderate to severe global climate disruption, are predicted to have taken place. We suggest that such impacts, occurring at crucial locations and times, punctuated human evolution or influenced hominid speciation (Peiser 2001). For a million years homo erectus and other hominid species endured multiple cataclysms – glaciations – pole shifts comet or meteor impacts – these events far from being unusual or sporadic are regular and inevitable. there circumstances represent a forcing effect on the evolution of all life and certainly played a part in human development – including our acquisition of language – language there is no consensus on The origin of language in the human species we assume early humans communicated in order to hunt pass on skills and structure activities – The term protolanguage, as defined by linguist Derek Bickerton, is a primitive form of communication lacking: a fully developed syntax – tense, aspect, auxiliary verbs, etc.
– This is, a stage in the evolution of language somewhere between great ape language and modern human language. Bickerton (2009) places the first emergence of such a porto-language with the earliest appearance of Homo, and associates its appearance with the pressure of behavioural adaptation to the niche construction of scavenging faced by Homo Habilis. Anatomically modern humans first appear in the fossil record 195,000 years ago in Ethiopia. The development of fully modern behaviour in H. sapiens, is dated to some 70,000 to 50,000 years ago. if modern language relies upon features present only in modern humans such —- cavities and brain development – then it arrive between 70 000 200,000 yrs old. Boat building and navigation it was known for some time that Homo Erectus, moved from Africa as far as the coast of mainland South-East Asia. Stone tools dated to around 800,000 years ago have been found on the island of Flores, midway between Java and Australia.
This suggests that this ancient human might have been able to cross short water gaps . New evidence shows that early hominids, such as Homo Erectus, systematically used rafts, hundreds of thousands of years ago. Experts suggest that stone hand axes found in the Mediterranean Basin, and on the island of Crete, might have been used by these people to construct rafts and other types of vessels, to visit southern Europe, and all other islands in between. The main starting point of these incursions was North Africa, archaeologist Thomas Strasser says,-Providence College in Rhode Island- Several hundred double-edged cutting tools were unearthed there. All of them were dated to at least 130,000 years ago, some of them may actually be a lot older than that. According to Strasser, the design of these axes closely resembles the one found in other H.
Erectus tools, dating back to at least 800,000 years ago. previously the oldest known settlements in Crete were believed to be just 9,000 years old. Te new evidence seems to point at the fact that the islands were occupied hundreds of thousands of years before by people coming from Africa on boats in open seas. “We’re just going to have to accept that, as soon as hominids left Africa, they were long-distance seafarers and rapidly spread all over the place,” Strasser says. Migration to the Americas Savannah River in Allendale County USA by University of South Carolina – archaeologist Dr. Albert Goodyear – goodyear made Radiocarbon tests of plant remains where human artefacts were unearthed they indicate that the sediments containing these artefacts are at least 50,000 years old, meaning that humans inhabited North American long before the last ice age. this is an explosive revelation in American archaeology. "The dates could actually be older," Goodyear says.
"Fifty-thousand should be a minimum age " Evidence of modern man's migration out of the African continent has been documented in Australia and Central Asia at 50,000 years and in Europe at 40,000 years."Topper is the oldest radiocarbon dated site in North America," Goodyear says. "However, other early sites in Brazil and Chile, as well as a site in Oklahoma also show that humans were in the Western Hemisphere perhaps 60,000.yrs ago" this discovery alone rewrites a significant chapter in human history – coupled with evidence of boat building and open sea navigation from crete – it paints a picture of humans who were no strangers to the seas – a people who could fashion seaworthy craft, a people who spread out rapidly al over earth – it is almost certain these people exactly like you and i – anatomically , culturally and mentally = from the arrival of homo sapiens 200 yrs ago humans began a series of major evolutionary leaps forward ,advanced tool making , language, art culture and more appeared in this period – now new evidence shows that our migration out of Africa was sooner swifter and more widespread than has ever been believed – making humans a global phenomenon by 60 000 yrs ago 60,000 yrs ago humans just like us lived on every continent – they were just as intelligent – just as skilled – they were the top predator on earth and they could cross the seas – ascend the mountain tops and command fire- what did they do – how did they live – what happened to them and how did they become us – find out in the final part of the new history of humanity 1300 yrs ago something happened on earth – opinion variess on what it was and evidence is inconclusive.
Some say it was meteorite or comet hitting earth – some say it was abrupt climate change- some say the earths poles flipped or their was a magnetic excursion or a cosmic electrical event which simulated the effect of these events – Whatever the cause we at least know what happened next – large mammals all over earth went extinct – in the mega fauna extinction – The poles melted and sea levels rose 2-3 hundred feet – the climate warmed – forests become deserts – tundra became forest – vast ares of coastal lands were inundated with floods – and the human population was devastated – This near extinction event led to another genetic bottle neck and the human breeding population was reduced to tens of thousands – Untill now official history held that – the birth of civilisation – the discoveries of agriculture , pottery metallurgy , the establishment of city states and the rise of the modern world – all took place after this cataclysm after the flood but from what we now know – its clear that human civilisation was well under way before flood – and that in this current epoch of history we are not advancing but recovering – we are the post diluvial survivors of an apocalypse that halted or interrupted our development – the evidence in this video is not speculation – its hard science founded on material discoveries that have overturned and revolutionised our previous view – it is the new history of humanity and it is now the accepted view of historians , archeologists, geneticists and botanists that for at least the last 50 – 75 thousand yrs humanity flourished all over earth – inhabited every continent and was possessed of the material and cultural trappings of what we call civilisation – from this startling pop its time to look again at our past – ART the worlds oldest example of abstract art – dates back more than 70,000 years – it was found in a Cave in South Africa – scientists say the discovery shows that modern ways of thinking developed far earlier than we think – Dr Christopher Henshilwood from the State University of New York at Stony Brook says – they may have been constructed with symbolic intent – the meaning of which is un known – the engraving itself on this artefact is quite a complex geometric pattern – there is a system to the pattern – we don't know what it means – they are symbols that I think could been interpreted by those people as having meaning that would've been understood by others – the engraved pieces are at least 70,000 years old – d the fined pushes back by some 35,000 years the earliest time when biologically modern humans were known to have developed Art – there is no doubt that the people in southern Africa – were behaviourally behaviourally modern 70,000 years ago – BONE tools a large set of specialised bone tools – found recently in the South African Cave is forcing archaeologists to rethink their ideas about when modern human behaviour emerged.
. – The issue has been a key question in debate about human origins – this discovery shows conclusively that early Homo sapiens came out of Africa all. Ready well developed in crafting tools of bone.. – Many archaeologists regarding introduction of bone tools as a key indicator of modern behaviour – data analysis reveals the tools are all more than 70,000 years old.. -Considerably earlier than humans were thought to acquire bone technology – until now scientists had concluded that early human ancestors became anatomically modern while still in Africa… but lagged behind in terms behavioural traits until they migrated to Europe and elsewhere.. -The implications are that there was modern human behaviour in Africa thirty-five thousand years before Europe.. – What has been suggested up until now is that modern human behaviour was a late occurrence – that tho people were anatomically modern in Africa 150,000 200,000 years ago they remained behaviourally non modern until 40 or 50,000 years ago – when the suddenly changed and moved into Europe and elsewhere… This is not the case and radically alters the timeline of humans behaviour and development – war newly analysed remains – suggest a modern human killed a neanderthals man in what is now Iraq – between 50,070 75000 years ago – the finding is tantalising evidence for a theory that modern humans helped to kill off the Neanderthals – the probable weapon of choice a spear – the evidence a lethal wound on a Neanderthal skeleton – the victim a 40 – 50 yr old male – now called shanidar 3 – shanidar had signs of arthritis and a sharp deep slice in his left ninth rib – it's thought the best explanation for this injury is a projectile weapon – and given to have those and who didn't – it implies at least one act of interspecies aggression – perhaps the most overlooked of human behaviours in reference to a evolution is aggression – humans are predators – but when did humans begin perpetrating acts of aggression on each other — impossible to know exactly how major role aggression played in neanderthals disappearance.
Groups undoubtedly competed for resources and evidently humans sometimes attacked and even eight Neanderthals… the death of Shanada three may thus have foreshadowed the feet of the entire species. POTTERY The oldest known samples of pottery have been unearthed the southern China – US archaeologists involved have determined that fragments from a large bowl found in zan redoing cave jang see province – are 20,000 years old – the discovery – published in the journal science – is the latest in recent years that have pushed back the invention of pottery by 10,000 years… until recently the majority view was that pottery bowls and drink receptacles were invented after the emergence of agriculture – when people began to stay in one place for long periods…- -but in the last 10 years researchers found instances of pottery predating agriculture one possible reason for the invention of pottery is the 20,000 years ago it was cooler than it had been for 1 million years…cooking etc ..
It may be however that the invention of pottery bowls would have allowed humans to extract more nutrition from their food by cooking it.. agriculture until recently researchers say the story of the origin of agriculture was one of a relatively sudden appearance of motivation – in the near East around 10,000 years ago – spreading quickly into Europe and dovetailing conveniently with ideas about how quickly language and population Gene sprayed from any near east to Europe – initially.. genetics appear to support this idea but now cracks are beginning to appear in the evidence underpinning that model – a team led by Dr Robin allerby from the University of Warwick have developed a new mathematical model that shows that agriculture actually began much earlier than thought.. well before the younger dryer's big freeze.
up until now researchers believed in a rapid establishment of agriculture which came about as artificial selection was able to dominate natural plant selection crucially as a consequence they thought most crops came from a single location and single domestication event.. Recent archaeological evidence has already begun to undermine this idea – pushing back the date of the first appearance of agriculture – the best example of this being an archaeological site in Syria – were more than 90,000 plant fragments from 23,000 years ago showed that wild cereals were gathered over 10,000 years earlier than previously thought and before the last glacial maximum 18,000 years ago great leap the last glacial cold period on Earth began 68,000 years ago – shortly after the toba eruption event – at that time the human population suffered a bottleneck – – reducing breeding individuals to some 10,000 – from this moment in time- humans recovered from the Tobit event and spread out of Africa to all the continents of earth – — our tools became more and more sophisticated – we became artists and navigators – we sail the seven seas – language developed – -we fought other human species for resources – we began cultivating plants – we created settled areas and traded with other regions – humans did all of this – many years earlier than previously thought – and more- – the evidence for our earlier and faster development and exodus from Africa is not circumstantial theoretical – it is based upon science – well-documented archaeology and genetics – humans underwent a great leap forward that only now are we beginning to acknowledge or understand – there are gaps in our knowledge and it might be tempting to fill them with speculation about great civilisations and lost technologies but the facts themselves astounding – the facts speak of humans who have studied the stars to navigate the seas – -utilised maths in problem-solving- understood botany- humans who could craft any material available to them into precision tools and weapons – marvellous works of art – oceangoing vessels – humans made music – painted pictures -mourned their dead – valued life and celebrated fertility – you would recognise them and they would recognise you – because we are identical – where is everybody outro Discovered in 2001 submerged under the waters of the B of canby in India is a 9500 year old city – the city is approximately 120 feet beneath the water – -near gujurat on the north-west coast of India – it is 5 miles long by 2 miles wide it is huge by the standards of ancient cities – as such it may well be much older than the date only represents the age of its last inhabitants sonar evidence of the rectilinear outline of stone blocks used in its construction indicates that they are larger and older than any other man-made stone blocks known to archaeology the Bay of candies underwater city has been largely ignored by the west – perhaps because it would mean the overthrow of the mainstream western view- – that fertile present area including the Tigris Euphrates valley – -is the was the birthplace of civilisation – yet even the oldest cities in the fertile crescent perhaps 8000 years old – well most are 5000 years or less – – the discovery in canbay astounded scientists because it predates all other fines in the area by 5000 years – suggesting a much longer history of the civil suggesting on much longer history of civilisation than was first assumed – it is believed the area – submerged when the ice caps melted in the last ice age – who built this city – and live there and how did they live – -are we to believe that a group of humans would not yet developed agriculture or indented pottery – suddenly created a vast city – with no prior development or settlements or evolution of social structures – that its citizens were hunter gatherers – and that the millions who live there were landlocked hunters – obviously -the people who built this sunken city were advanced architects of stone buildings its inhabitants could only be supported by trade and agriculture – the need for such a place could only come about from a long period of growing population- and social border – it represents the clearest possible evidence of a civilisation predating 9005 years ago- built upon skills acquired thousands or tens of thousands of years before the last glacial cold period on Earth began 68,000 years ago the great pyramid of Giza the great pyramid has long fascinated archaeologists and historians – -the orthodox assessment of its age and use are almost certainly incorrect – – for 4000 year the great pyramid was the tallest building on earth – so were asked to believe that as if by magic humanity one day build the greatest stone monument on the planet out of the blue with no provenance no development no antecedents of organisational culture – we're asked to believe it grew out of the sand perfectly aligned with the Cosmos a mathematical fraction of the planets mass – precisely constructed from some of the hardest rocks on Earth- containing internal chambers and passageways impractical for burial – —useless for ceremony – -containing no artefacts inscriptions or evidence of its use as a tomb whatsoever at all – every pyramid built after the great pyramid is a pale imitation — Other Egyptian pyramids by comparison are shoddy knockoffs build by pharaohs as a status symbol – only the great pyramid stands out as being of ancient -and even to this day unknown origin – there are more ancient sites like the great pyramid all over the earth – in Japan Scotland England South America the Middle East and turkey – – the great pyramid and the bay of camby site should convince the most ardent rationalist of the proof Of ancient civilisation- — that humanity bore the fruit of civilisation before us is no longer mythology – that we have risen up and then swept away repeatedly it's not conjecture – — that we are the latest and not necessarily the greatest civilisation of humans is now an established fact – our history has been revolutionised by new discoveries – and our view of the past becomes clearer the longer and deeper we dig – -as we do one truth and looms above all else in the new history of humanity – our lives are fragile civilisation is a brief and delicate flower that blooms in forgiving periods of stability – free from disaster and catastrophe – we should make the most of the presents – take care of our planet and take steps to prepare for an uncertain future because as the past reveals in stark unforgiving times nothing lasts forever.