Bill Nye Quizzes TODAY Anchors About Science Myths And Facts | TODAY

>>> FOR FIVE YEARS, BILL NYE ENTERTAINED AND EDUCATED CHILDREN EVERYWHERE ON HIS EMMY-WINNING SHOW "BILL NYE THE SCIENCE GUY." HE WANTS TO EDUCATE US ADULTS ON HIS NEW SHOW, "BILL NYE SAVES THE WORLD." >> A FOOD CALORIE IS THE ALT OF ENERGY IT TAKES TO RAISE ONE LITER OF WATER ONE DEGREE CELSIUS. IT'S A MEASURE OF HEAT ENERGY. IT DOESN'T TELL YOU WHETHER OR NOT THE FOOD IS HEALTHY, OR GOOD FOR YOU OR BAD FOR YOU. IT'S JUST A MEASURE OF HEAT ENERGY. AS ALWAYS, COME ON. IT'S NETFLIX. LET'S BURN SOMETHING. >> GOOD MORNING. NICE TO HAVE YOU HERE. >> IT'S SO GOOD TO BE HAD.

>> YES. TELL US ABOUT THIS SHOW. >> IT'S, FIRST OF ALL, I THINK AFTER THE "TODAY" SHOW, AT 9:00, IT'S THE MOST IMPORTANT SHOW ON TELEVISION. IT'S NOT REALLY ON TELEVISION. IT'S ON THE ELECTRIC INTERNET THAT KIDS WATCH. AND CALLED ON THE SERVICE. THE WHOLE IDEA IS SCIENCE IS IMPORTANT TO OUR SOCIETY. IT'S HOW WE EAT. IT'S HOW WE COMMUNICATE. IT'S WHAT WE ARE DOING RIGHT NOW. WE HAVE ELECTRONIC CAMERA MACHINES THAT ARE A RESULT OF OUR DISCOVERIES MADE IN SCIENCE. WE WANT EVERYBODY IN THE WORLD TO BE AWARE OF FUNDAMENTALS IN SCIENCE.

WE'RE DOING A SHOW ABOUT IT. I'M EXCITED YOU GUYS. IT'S COOL. >> ALL RIGHT. YOU ARE GOING TO QUIZ US. >> YES, OF COURSE. >> WE HAVE REHEARSED AND REHEARSED THIS. BY THAT, I MEAN WE HAVE NEVER REHEARSED THIS. BUT MY UNDERSTANDING IS, WE'RE GOING TO HAVE A QUIZ. >> I THINK IT WILL BECOME OBVIOUS SHORTLY. >> WHETHER SOMETHING IS MYTH OR A FACT. THESE ARE THINGS THAT SOUND FACTUAL AND MYTHICAL. IT IS UP TO YOU, THE ON-CAMERA PROFESSIONALS, TO COME UP WITH YOUR STRONG OPINION ABOUT THE TRUTH OR THE MYTH. >> YES. >> PUNCH IT. THERE ARE MORE VISITS TO EMERGENCY ROOMS DURING FULL MOONS THAN DURING ANY OTHER THREE-DAY PERIOD IN THE MONTH. >> I SAY FACT.

>> MYTH. >> I THINK MORE BABIES ARE BORN. >> PEOPLE ACT WEIRD. >> WHAT IS THE PHASE OF THE MOON RIGHT NOW? NOBODY KNOWS. >> IT'S DAYTIME. IT'S NOT UP. >> THERE WAS A TIME WHEN EVERYBODY KNEW THAT THERE WAS A — THERE WAS A TIME WHEN EVERYBODY KNEW THE PHASE OF THE MOON. THAT'S WHEN YOU COULD CONDUCT CERTAIN OPTIONS. BUT NOW, ELECTRIC LIGHTS, ALL DAY, ALL NIGHT, WE DON'T BOTHER. THE MOON IS WANING A LITTLE BIT. THERE'S MORE STARS IN THE SKY THAN GRAINS OF SAND ON A BEACH. >> FACT. >> TWO MYTHS. >> AL, OKAY — THAT'S NOT WHAT I MEANT. WHY DON'T YOU AGREE? >> WELL, IT SOUNDS SO RIDICULOUS THAT I FEEL LIKE WE DON'T KNOW HOW MANY STARS THERE ARE IN THE SKY.

BUT WE COULD FIND OUT — >> I THINK DYLAN IS RIGHT. I'M SAYING MYTH BECAUSE IT'S RIDICULOUS. >> GET THIS. THERE ARE ABOUT 100-TIMES AS MANY STARS IN THE SKY THAN THERE ARE GRAINS OF SAND ON EARTH. >> WOW. >> THIS IS THE WHOLE THING — THIS — THE EXTENT OF CREATION, THE EXTENT OF THE COSMOS IS AMAZING. IT'S OVERWHELMING. >> TIME FOR ONE MORE. >> HEAVENS. THAT'S A PUN. WATER DRAINS THE OTHER WAY IN AUSTRALIA. >> MYTH. >> I THINK THAT'S A FACT.

>> IT'S FACT-ISH. YOU CAN COMPLETELY OVERWHELM IT WITH YOUR SWIRL OF YOUR HAND OR THE JETS OF YOUR TOILET BOWL. WHEN YOU GET A STORM — AL, WHEN YOU GET A STORM BIG ENOUGH, HUNDREDS OF MILES ACROSS, IT GOES CLOCKWISE IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE. WE CALL COUNTERCLOCKWISE, IS CALLED ANTI-CLOCKWISE. IT'S THE PRODUCT OF TWO INVESTIGATORS OF ACCELERATION OF GRAVITY AND — >> THAT SPIN OF THE EARTH. >> IT'S NOT MAGIC, PEOPLE. >> IT'S SCIENCE. BILL NYE, THANK YOU VERY MUCH. AND OUR TIE AND .

Conservatives Avoid Global Warming Talk During Heat Wave

And along these same lines, not nearly as serious, although the argument could be made it actually could effect just as many or more people, we’ve been having this insane heat wave recently, Louis, all over the country, especially here in the Northeast. And, I mean, I’m wearing shorts now, I’ll admit it. I won’t show you, but I am wearing shorts. My bottoms are shorts. And maybe Louis, too, I can’t even tell from where I’m sitting. Louis: I am, yeah. David: Notice that the conservative talkers, including Fox News, aren’t mentioning that the heat wave proves that there’s global warming, right? Because you remember, Louis, if it’s cold in winter, we’ll hear Fox News saying oh, there’s obviously no global warming here. In fact, take a listen to this. Steve Doocy: Despite it being bitterly cold outside in the northern plains, we hear a lot about global warming.

David: Right. Despite it being incredibly cold in a part of the country where it’s incredibly cold during the winter… Doocy: Perhaps we should be worried now about global cooling. David: Right. You’re not hearing anything now. This is an insane heat wve, you’re not going to hear a word about it from Fox News. And the reality is that individual instances of hot or cold weather, as we know… Louis: I mean, in reality, yes, this is not proof that there’s global warming. David: However, you know what’s interesting? NASA climatologist Gavin Schmidt actually said that it’s, quote, “very probable that any particular heat wave happening now will be shown to have [been] more likely a result of global warming,” adding that of all the different extreme events that can happen, the partial attribution of heat waves to ongoing climate change is actually one of the easier connections to make. I’m not making the connection, NASA climatologist Gavin Schmidt is; my point is.

.. Louis: Yeah, we’re just saying Fox only talks about what’s convenient for them.\ David: If it’s cold one day during winter, it’s proof that global warming doesn’t exist, however, three weeks of hundred-degree temperatures in Massachusetts during the summer, no mention of anything. No mention of anything. So it’s time to wake up here and stop the whole equivocating on this issue. It’s time to stop putting everything on equal footing. On the one hand, 99% of scientists say global warming is a real issue and can be attributed to man’s activities, and on the other hand, we managed to find a handful of scientists who say maybe it’s not, right? It’s not on the same level. Louis: Global warming is just, is a small part of the bigger picture. If we’re not looking at alternative energies, alternative fuels, ways to be clean and efficient, then that’s an even bigger problem. David: Not only that, I misspoke, global warming is not even the right term to be using, it’s actually climate change. Louis: Climate change, right.

David: Climate change, because it’s really about more erratic and unpredictable climate behavior than it is just about it being warmer than average. Louis: Right. David: Let’s talk about what’s happening on today’s bonus show, because we’ll be talking about fake Apple stores in China. And Louis before the show was going on one of his insane anti-China rants. And again, Louis has no problem with Chinese people nor Chinese anything, but he does seem to have a big problem with the Chinese government, do you not? Louis: I do. David: So expect a rant from Louis on today’s bonus show. Also, a man indicted in a semen-tainted yogurt case, very bizarre story that Louis, very, very interested in covering and discussing at..

. in great detail, I think it’s fair to say. And a South African man presumed dead wakes up in a morgue. You know what? I’ve had dreams where that happens to me, where I’m worried that somebody thinks I’m dead, and therefor they’re doing whatever, and then I wake up, and it’s not a good situation. Louis: We’ll just have to tattoo “Open Eyes” on your eyelids. It’ll never happen. David: Right. I don’t even understand what Louis is talking about, but I’m sure he’ll explain it to us on the bonus show. So www.DavidPakman.com/membership. Of course, you’ll also get the full podcast commercial-free. Back after this. We’ll be talking to Cenk Uygur about leaving MSNBC. Is he still on good terms? I don’t know. Announcer: The David Pakman Show at www.DavidPakman.

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Bill Nye Explains Climate Change, Acidification With Simple Science Experiments | TODAY

>>> AND YOU GUYS, I'VE GOT TO SAY — >> YOU LIKE THAT? >> JUST FOR YOU. >> YOU LOOK PRETTY SHARP. IF YOU LIKE TO WORRY ABOUT THINGS YOU'RE LIVING IN A GREAT TIME. >> OKAY. >> SO — THIS IS JUST A TRADITIONAL DEMONSTRATION TO SHOW YOU THE BIG PROBLEM. I'M GOING TO MAKE A MARK ON THIS RED TAPE. AS WE WARM THIS WATER, IT EXPANDS. HERE YOU ARE — HOLD THE BULB. >> HOLD THE BULB. >> SHEINELLE HOLD THE BULB, BOTTOM PART. YOU KNOW IT WILL GO UP. >> SURE. >> THE RED LIQUID WILL GO UP. >> YEAH, YEAH, YEAH. >> SAME IS HAPPENING HERE. THERE YOU GO. AND THE SAME IS HAPPENING WITH THE WORLD'S OCEAN, EVERYBODY. YOU GET THIS ENORMOUS OCEAN JUST A LITTLE BIT WARMER, IT GETS BIGGER, JUST LIKE THIS. JUST LIKE THIS. AND WHEN IT GETS BIGGER, EXOTIC PLACES LIKE NORFOLK, VIRGINIA, GALVESTON, TEXAS TO A LESSER EXTENT MANHATTAN, ARE GOING TO HAVE WATER COMING IN TO YOUR LIVING ROOM, AND PEOPLE ARE GOING TO LEAVE.

WHO'S GOING TO PAY FOR IT? ABANDON HOUSES. IT'S GOING TO BE A DRAG. SEE THAT? IN JUST A FEW SECONDS, WATER EXPANDS. JUST AS, JUST LIKE THE SPIRIT AND THE THERMOMETER. YOU DON'T NEED TO TAKE THAT WITH YOU. >> I'M WALKING BECAUSE — YOU'RE RIGHT. SOMETHING I HADN'T THOUGHT ABOUT. >> DOES GO UP. RIGHT? >> IT DOES. >> MOVING ALONG. THINGS TO DO. >> ANOTHER EXAMPLE. >> ANOTHER IMPORTANT THING. SO HERE IN THE WORLD IN WHICH WE LIVE, THERE WE ARE ADDING CARBON MONOXIDE TO THE AIR EXTRAORDINARILY FAST. THE CARBON MONOXIDE IS MIXING WITH THE OCEAN. HERE'S SOMETHING YOU CAN DO AT HOME. NOTHING BUT FUN. RED CABBAGE, BOILING WATER. >> UH-HUH. >> PRODUCES THIS LIQUID. CRAIG, IF YOU WOULD, PUT THE SHMINKIEST TINY SHMINK OF VINEGAR IN THIS ONE. >> A TINY DROP? >> USE YOUR JUDGMENT. >> WHOA. IT TURNED RED AS IF BY MAGIC. IT'S NOT MAGIC, IT'S — >> VINEGAR.

>> SCIENCE. >> SCIENCE. >> SCIENCE! >> IF YOU WOULD, NOW, BLOW BUBBLES INTO THIS, ALSO. >> BECAUSE YOU BREATHE OUT CARBON DIE Y CARBON DIOXIDE. >> LIKE BREATHING INTO THE EARTH? >> INTO THE AIR. ADDING CARBON DIOXIDE MIXING WITH THE OCEAN FORMING CARBONIC ACID. WHAT SHE'S MIXING HERE. LOOK, IT'S CHANGING COLOR. ADDING THIS TO THE OCEAN IT'S BECOMING MORE AAID– ACIDIC, HARD ON SEA LIFE. YOU'RE WALK, THIRSTY AND SOMEONE HANDS YOU A BOTTLE OF VINEGAR INSTEAD OF WATER. WHAT WE'RE DOING TO THE ATMOSPHERE. THREE THINGS WE WANT FOR EVERYBODY IN THE WORLD. >> CLEAN WATER. >> RIGHT ON. >> CLEAN AIR? >> YEAH, CLEAN AIR, BUT I WAS GOING TO SAY, THE SECOND THING IS, RENEWABLY PRODUCED, RELY ELECTRICITY AND THE THIRD THING IS ACCESS TO THE INTERNET, FOR EVERYBODY IN THE WORLD. >> WE ALWAYS LEARN SOMETHING NEW.

>> TRY THIS AT HOME AND THINK BIG ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE. LET'S CHANGE THE WORLD. >> I HAVE TO SAY, THANK YOU. IF YOU'D LIKE TO WATCH HIS NEW SHOW "BILL NYE SAVES THE WORLD.".

Ocean Temperatures – Changing Planet

The world’s oceans cover more than 70 percent of Earth’s surface. Millions of creatures, great and small, call the oceans home. These massive bodies of water play a crucial role in maintaining the planet’s delicate environmental balance, from supporting a complex food chain, to affecting global weather patterns. But rising air temperatures are warming the oceans and bringing dramatic impacts felt around the globe. Dr. TONY KNAP (Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences): One of the things warming does in, say areas off the United States, it creates a much bigger pool of warm water in the surface of the ocean that lends a huge amount of energy to hurricanes and tropical cyclones. THOMPSON: Dr. Tony Knap is the director of the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, or BIOS. Famous for its luxurious golf courses and pink sand beaches, Bermuda is also home to one of the world’s leading institutes for ocean studies, with a focus on water temperatures.

KNAP: Here off Bermuda, we have probably a better view of it then many other people are going to have over time. THOMPSON: Bermuda is located over 600 miles, or almost 1,000 kilometers, from the coast of North Carolina, in an area of the Atlantic Ocean called the Sargasso Sea. KNAP: We like to think of the Sargasso Sea in the North Atlantic as the canary in the coalmine. It’s the smallest ocean, it’s between North America and Europe and we think if we are going to see changes, we will see them first here in the ocean off Bermuda. THOMPSON: Scientists at BIOS have been measuring the temperature of the ocean since 1954, making it one of the world’s longest ongoing studies of ocean data. KNAP: Well you measure the temperature of the ocean in many ways. In the old days you used to do it with buckets and thermometers. Now you use sophisticated instruments called conductivity, temperature and depth recorders. THOMPSON: These recorders, called CTDs, are large measuring instruments lowered deep into the water at specific locations in the ocean. On this day, Knap and his team are headed to “Station S.

” QUENTIN LEWIS, Jr. (Captain, R/V Atlantic Explorer): The weather is not going to be our friend today, unfortunately. The winds out of the west, it’s 35-40 and some higher gusts. The seas are anywhere from 14 to 16 feet or higher. THOMPSON: Lowered to a depth of three kilometers, or just under two miles, the CTD records temperature, salinity, carbon dioxide levels, and captures water samples. KNAP: This is a screen for the output on the CTD. The temperature will be in red, blue is salinity or the saltiness, and yellow is the oxygen content. THOMPSON: At BIOS, all of the data is then carefully logged and analyzed. Dr. NICK BATES (Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences): With this instrument we can see changes that happen over the season, over the year. And then from year to year.

THOMPSON: Using ocean temperature data going back several decades, BIOS research can trace the warming trend. In the past 56 years, it has risen half a degree Celsius. KNAP: Since 1954 we’ve seen, on average, the temperature increasing by a small amount, an equivalent to what is really a half a watt per year which is, doesn’t seem like a lot but over the whole of the ocean, it’s a lot. THOMPSON: What’s a half a watt? KNAP: It’s not much. It’s about a 100th of a degree per year. It’s not a lot. THOMPSON: But that small a difference can make, have a huge impact? KNAP: Yeah. THOMPSON: Really? KNAP: Yeah, because it’s going on every year. You think about how big the ocean is, and how deep it is, and how much energy it has, I mean it’s a tremendous source of heat. THOMPSON: So where is that warming coming from? KNAP: The warming we believe is to due to changes in CO2 in the atmosphere, the atmosphere getting warmer and the surface of the ocean getting warmer.

And that transfer of heat is being made into the ocean. THOMPSON: So what is the impact of a warmer ocean? The rising temperature causes the ocean to expand, and raises sea levels. KNAP: The tides going up by 3.2 millimeters a year. Half of that is attributed to the ocean warming down to 700 meters. The oceans on average 4,000 meters deep so it has a lot more to expand. THOMPSON: Warming temperatures also impact the growth rates of certain organisms at the very bottom of the ocean food chain, like phytoplankton. And so if you see changes in phytoplankton, does that mean that we are going to see changes in the food chain at the ocean? KNAP: If the organisms that eat those organisms, OK, eat the plankton, for example, can’t eat those plankton, then yes you’ll see changes. THOMPSON: And the small changes being recorded could bring even stronger storms.

This report published in 2005 in Science Magazine shows the gradual rise of the number of Category 4 and 5 hurricanes over recent years. An increase in storm intensity like this many scientists believe is the result of the warming of the oceans. KNAP: You think about how big the ocean is, and how deep it is, and how much energy it has. Even if you look at difference in hurricanes intensity, etc., one, one and a half degree centigrade in the water column of one hundred meters makes a massive amount of difference. THOMPSON: Small changes with big consequences for the creatures in the sea and all the people who live along the coasts..